How does fiber work?

What are Fiber Optics?
Fiber optic lines are strands of very pure glass as thin as a human hair. They work by transmitting light signals over long distances. Hundreds or thousands of optical fibers are arranged in bundles called optical cables. The bundles are protected by an outer covering.

How Does an Optical Fiber Transmit Light?
The light in a fiber-optic cable travels through the core by constantly bouncing from the cladding (a reflective material).  Because the cladding does not absorb any light from the core, the light wave can travel great distances and bend around curves.

What are some advantages of Fiber Optics over older copper cable?

  • Higher carrying capacity – Because optical fibers are thinner than copper wires, more fibers can be bundled into a given-diameter cable than copper wires. This means that many different users can simultaneously watch movies, surf the internet, or listen to music with no buffering or slow downs.  This also means businesses can send huge amounts of data with no slowdowns, errors or other problems inherent with DSL or cable.
  • Less signal degradation – The loss of signal in optical fiber is less than in copper wire.
  • Light signals – Unlike electrical signals in copper wires, light signals from one fiber do not interfere with those of other fibers in the same cable. This means clearer TV reception and clearer phone conversations.
  • Digital – Optical fibers are ideally suited for carrying digital information, perfect for watching High Definition TV.
  • Non-flammable – Because no electricity is passed through optical fibers, there is no fire hazard

How does ValuNet FIBER use fiber optics to serve Emporia?

  • Across the country, less than 10% percent of all communities have the type of fiber optic service that Valu-Net is building. That means Emporia is in a very elite group.
  • ValuNet’s network is a “fiber-to-the-premises” design, which means your fiber goes directly to your doorstep. Cable and DSL companies use neighborhood nodes, which means you share bandwidth with your neighbors.
  • ValuNet controls its own network from end to end. Therefore, ValuNet doesn’t depend on competitors for the construction, maintenance, repair, and pricing of the connection. Addtionally, the extraordinary capacity of the network allows ValuNet to offer data speeds unmatched by currently available technology, now and in the future.
  • In addition to its local network, ValuNet has constructed new high-speed fiber connectivity to other carriers, cities, and the Internet backbone at bandwidth and speeds never before available to Emporia.

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